The name “Halloween” derives from Hallow-e’en, or All Hallows Eve (All Saints Evening), the night before All Saints Day, November 1. In the Celtic calendar began the year on 1 November, so October 31 was New Year’s Eve. The harvest was in, the seeds for the next year was ready and so there was time for a day off, the Celtic New Year or Samhain (pronounced Saun, the Irish word for the month of November).
Samhain was also another reason very special. On the island of Great Britain Halloween was mainly celebrated by the Celts, who believed that returned the spirits of all the dead of the past year on that day to try to make a living body in possession for the coming year. The spirits that might arise from dead people were attracted to deposit food for them for the doors. However, to ward off evil spirits, the Celts wore masks. When the Romans invaded Britain, they mixed the Celtic tradition with their own traditions, which of course in late October included the celebration of the harvest and honoring the dead.
In the 9th century lit a European Christian use of the sea and mingled with the Halloween party. On All Souls’ Day (November 2) were ragged Christians in the villages around and begging for soul cakes (bread with currants). For each loaf they promised to say a prayer for the dead relatives of the donor, to thus accelerate his liberation from the temporal punishment of Purgatory and thus accelerate his ascension to heaven. The trick-or-treat trip might find it originates.
Halloween in the US
In the United States made the party especially flourished in the second half of the 19th century, when large groups of Irish and Scottish immigrants entered the country. In the US at this time plunged the known jack-o’-lantern in a hollowed-out pumpkin that looks like a face. Worldwide, this may become the best-known symbol of Halloween.
For much of the 20th century was Halloween in the US primarily a children’s party. During the children’s children go out at night (often accompanied by an older) dressed knocking on doors and ask for a treat (Trick or Treat). The aim is to open those who does a little scared. Often the occupant than candy in the house, from which the children can choose. The houses involved are identified by visible Halloween decorations. From the 1980s it became more and more a party for adults. The fancy dress and the horror aspect became increasingly important.